While Aviation Medical Examiners do not typically perform formal or complete psychiatric evaluations, the examiner is expected to form a general impression of the emotional stability and mental state of the applicant.
When cognitive issues are discovered or suspected, the FAA typically requires neuropsychological testing such as the Cogscreen test developed by Gary Kay. This testing often reveals areas of both strengths and weakness. In certain cases, the areas of weakness can be expeditiously rehabilitated by clinical programs, online training and even game applications which have been designed to reduce certain cognitive deficits.
Comprehensive cognitive fitness programs designed specifically for pilots are available from Pilot Medical Solutions. Please contact us for more information.